Guide to Authors

Guide to Authors

         Authors must strictly adhere to the format and style of the journal to avoid manuscript rejection. Hence, authors are encouraged to carefully read the instructions for authors before submitting their manuscripts.

  • Submit the manuscript in MS Word Format through the online submission portal of the journal. However, you may also email your submission to the editor: [email protected]. Self-identifying references should be deleted from the text and notes.

  • Prepare the cover page indicating the following: A concise and informative title; name(s) of the author(s); affiliation(s), email address (es), and ORCID number(s) of the author(s); and an abstract of 150 words with at least 3-5 key words

  • Organize the paper following these major sections/headings: Title, Abstract (150 words) with at least five keywords, Introduction, Framework of the Study, Methodology, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, and References.

  • Format the entire manuscript in single-spaced on a short white bond paper (8.5x11in) on one side only with 2.5 cm (1 inch) margins all around using a Times New Roman, the font size of 12.

  • Serially number all pages, including tables, appendices, and references. Major sections should be numbered, but subsections should not be numbered.

  • Leave two spaces before and after the major headings and two spaces before and after the sub-headings. References, Acknowledgments, Table Titles, and Figure Legends should be typed single-spaced or numbered consecutively on all pages, including the title page, figures, and tables.

  • Spell out acronyms or unfamiliar abbreviations when mentioned for the first time in the text.

  • Write the scientific names of species completely with author(s) when it is first mentioned in the text and without an author in succeeding references. Scientific names should be written in italics or boldface.

  • Do not spell out numbers unless they are used to start a sentence. Spell out numbers from one to ten, except when used in tables and lists, and when used with mathematical, statistical, scientific, or technical units and quantities, such as distances, weights, and measures. Percentage and Decimal Fractions. In nontechnical copy, use the word percent in the text.

  • Use the metric system only or the International System of Units. Use abbreviations of units only beside numerals (e.g., 6 m); otherwise, spell out the units (e.g., kilometers from here). Do not use plural forms or periods for abbreviations of units. Use the bar for compound units (e.g., 1 kg/ha/yr). Place a zero before the decimal in numbers less than 1 (e.g., 0.25).

  • In preparing tables and figures, consider the journal’s printed page of 9 in x 6 in and the reduction that will be necessary. Titles of Tables should be found on top of the table itself, while Captions of Figures should be found right below the figure. It has to be as short as possible and understandable without referring to the text. Figures should consist of simple line drawings, computer-generated graphics, or good quality original photographs in a jpeg or png file format that is not enhanced electronically. Figures’ label should be of such a size so that these are still legible even after reducing the size by as much as 50%. Use preferably Adobe Photoshop CS, Adobe InDesign CS, and or PDF computer-generated graphics.

  • All cited sources should substantially consist of articles published in current content-covered or peer-reviewed journals. Use the newest edition of the American Psychological Association (APA) for citation and referencing format and style. Do not use footnotes; rather, use endnotes if required by the discipline.

  • The manuscript should be concise as the subject and research method permit. Generally, it should be 4,000 to 6,000 words, single-spaced.